Norvergence: Majorly, pollution is of three kinds: Air, Water and land. But modern society is also concerned about some of its specific types. i.e noise pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution. Whichever be the type, all of them are equally harmful to mother nature and ultimately to human beings.
The world is suffering from pollution and its major effect is seen on human health and well being. From untimely deaths to disabilities amongst the newborns, everyone is the victim of some of the other ill effects of pollution.
Europe is one of such continents suffering badly with pollution. If we look at the statistics, one in eight deaths in Europe is caused because of pollution. People in urban areas are suffering the most with economic as well as social impacts of pollution.
The three main pollutants, particulate matter, nitrogen oxide and ground-level ozone are recognised as the most harmful one and can damage the respiratory system that leads to premature death. Not only the contaminated air, but factors such as noise pollution, poor water quality and exposure to obnoxious chemicals are responsible for 13% of the total death rate of Europe.
According to the report by the Copenhagen based agency- pollution has been accountable for around 630000 premature deaths in 2012. Air pollution contributed to 400,000 annual deaths, with noise pollution being an attributable factor in 12,000. The remaining deaths were linked to extreme weather such as heatwaves.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), air pollution is also responsible for fatalities from stroke, lung cancer and several heart-related diseases. Meanwhile, other reports from WHO says that noise pollution can cause heart problems by raising the blood pressure of a person and releasing stress hormones.
Poor people are the one suffering the most. Due to lack of proper shelter and access to resources, poor communities become the victim of extreme weather conditions caused by pollution including heatwaves and extreme cold.
Pollution is unevenly spread in Europe. There’s a clear difference in eastern and western Europe. The percentage of deaths because of environmental factors ranges from a low of 9% in Norway and Iceland to 23% in Albania and 27% in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Deaths on the large scale can be seen in Romania where 19% of total deaths are because of pollution.