Norvergence LLC believes that climate change is the largest and most complex problem that the developing country like India is facing. The adverse impacts of extreme weather events like higher temperatures, variable and precipitation have left a great impact on the economic performance of the country and the lives of millions of people.
In December 2019, a study was released by the United Nations that says, around 2.7 million Indians displace because of disasters and weather events in 2018 and the same trend was continued in 2019 too. Also, In 2018, India registered a maximum number of deaths from extreme weather events. India was second in terms of economic losses.
Vera Kunjel, lead author of the report, “The Global Climate Risk 2020” said and Norvergence quotes: In 2018, India was affected by a range of extreme weather events including floods in Kerala, tropical cyclones like Gaja and Titli as well as a prolonged heatwave, all of which have collectively propelled India to the top position.
Since 2004, India has experienced 11 of its 15 warmest recorded years. India affected by extreme heat in both 2018 and 2019”. The heatwave of 2018 was described in the report as being “one of the longest recorded heatwaves with hundreds of deaths.”
Why needs to be more worried about climate change?
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report said that India is one of the most affected nations because of climate change as it has a huge population and unequal income distribution.
The increasing global temperature will disproportionately affect disadvantaged and vulnerable populations through food insecurity, higher food prices, income losses, lost livelihood opportunities, adverse health impacts, and population displacement. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi says that he really understands the climate change threat but doesn’t accept the Indian population’s role in making it big.
“Climate change is not of our making. It is the result of global warming that came from the prosperity and progress of an industrial age powered by fossil fuel. But we in India face its consequences today. We see it in the risks of our farmers, the changes in weather patterns, and the intensity of natural disasters.” Our scientists found that India Account around 5 percent of the world’s greenhouse gases but did not agree to cap emissions.”
How Climate Change Affects Crops in India?
Our scientists read various reports and found that yield from rice experience declines during extreme weather conditions. While, Yields from millet, maize, and sorghum, are most resilient to climate change. Kyle Davis, who is the lead author of “Environmental Research Letters”, said: “By relying more and more on a single crop — rice — India’s food supply is potentially vulnerable to the effects of varying climate.
Expanding the area planted with these four alternative grains can reduce variations in Indian grain production caused by extreme climate, especially in the many places where their yields are comparable to rice.Doing so will mean that the food supply for the country’s massive and growing population is less in jeopardy during times of drought or extreme weather.”
How the World Bank is helping India in solving Climate Change Problem?
The World Bank Is helping India to understand the threat of climate change and fostering the dialogue with key players like stakeholders and institutions that can help to transform the way Indians are using water resources. The bank is also supporting a private project in Andhra Pradesh that help Communities in a drought-prone area.